Application of laser equipment in the automotive industry
Program overview Now the inner walls, bottom plates, and columns of automobile doors in automobile manufacturing are all applied to the current laser technology. The current laser technology can cut different steel plates and aluminum plates into different sizes and shapes, and then use the laser technology to press them. The specific design needs to be spliced together. Compared with the previous processing method, it not only provides processing efficiency, but also has a lot of room for flexibility in processing design, and the process design is more lean, and the utilization rate of materials is effectively improved. For small parts manufactured in automobiles, not only can the current laser technology be used for refined seamless welding, but also the laser technology can be used to mark product information, which not only improves the stability and safety of the car, but also Anti-counterfeiting marks and product tracking can also be carried out on parts. Automobile manufacturing involves many related industries. It is a very large system engineering that requires the cooperation of a series of process technologies. The application of these laser technologies in the automotive field is just some directions of the application of laser technology in the automotive manufacturing field. With the continuous deepening of laser technology and the current automobile manufacturing industry, the application of laser technology in the automotive manufacturing field has involved many industries. Like the current fiber laser marking machine, laser welding machine, and laser cutting machine, it involves many aspects of current automobile manufacturing, and its excellent performance advantages are gradually promoting the rapid development of the current automobile manufacturing industry. Program advantages 1. Laser welding Laser welding has become one of the important methods in automobile manufacturing due to its high energy density, small deformation, narrow heat-affected zone, high welding speed, easy automatic control, and no subsequent processing. There are hundreds of parts in the body and chassis of a car. How to connect them has a direct impact on the rigidity of the vehicle body. Using laser welding, almost all metal materials of different thicknesses, brands, types and grades can be used. Connected together, while improving production efficiency and quality, it also increases the flexibility of vehicle design and material selection. 2. Laser cutting Laser cutting is one of the commonly used laser processing methods. The types of laser cutting are divided into four types: laser vaporization cutting, laser melting cutting, laser oxygen cutting, and laser scribing and controlled fracture. Compared with traditional processing methods, laser cutting has higher cutting quality-narrow cut width, small heat-affected zone, smooth cut, fast cutting speed, strong flexibility-can cut any shape at will, wide material adaptability and other advantages. The blanking and trimming of large automobile covering parts often requires a three-dimensional laser cutting machine. In addition, the current automobile manufacturing platform is becoming more and more intense, and higher requirements are put forward for the flexibility of the production line. The use of 3D laser cutting only needs to adapt the laser processing program after the model model is changed. The tooling is simple and the construction period is greatly shortened. Compared with the use of mold manufacturing The cost has dropped significantly. In addition, there are more and more applications of high-strength steel in automobiles. After this type of steel is hot-formed, the stamping process is no longer suitable. The contour and hole cutting of this steel promotes the demand for laser cutting. 3. Laser marking In the production of automobiles and parts, the establishment of identity is the basis for quality traceability and recall. It is very important to establish the identity of automobiles and parts through marking. Automobile marking is more and more widely used due to its high efficiency and adaptability. Laser marking is a marking method that uses high-energy-density lasers to locally irradiate the workpiece to vaporize or change the color of the surface material, thereby leaving a mark. The characteristic of laser marking is non-contact processing, which can be marked on any special-shaped surface without deformation and internal stress. Modern auto parts use a variety of materials, including metals, plastics, glass, ceramics, wood and leather, and lasers can be used to mark the surfaces of all these materials.